Fortress of Kuelap: The Mysterious Cloud People of Peru

kuelap-fortress

Travel article about Kuelap – Chachapoyas

It is one of the oldest and biggest historical structures in South America and known as Machu Picchu of the North. It is the largest stone structure; the walled city consists of more than 400 rustic buildings that were built in almost the sixth century. It was declared a National Cultural Heritage in Peru in 2017. Its name Kuelap comes from a variation of the word “Conlap”   referring to the name of a small village that exists in the same region. It is also called “warriors of clouds.” Its most inhabitant’s warriors, merchants, Shames, and farmers, etc.

History

The Chachapoyas built Kuelap between 500-800AD. The architect’s team was supervised by hundreds of specialists. There were stonemasons and warriors and carriers for water, stone, and mud. There was also a team of farmers whose production was only used to feed workers.

It was re-discovered in 1843 and discovered by one of the judges of Chachapoyas (Juan Crisostomo Nieto). Once, he visited fields (1841). During this visit, he saw strange stone walls, occupied a large part of the land. He discovered in his second visit when once again villagers him (1843) about these strange walls.

Location

It is the political center of Chachapoyas civilization, and the city has had more than 300 000 inhabitants. It is located in the Amazonas region of Northern Peru on top of mountains. Mountains are full of vegetation, clefts, and mountain streams. It’s more fortress than a city. Fortress (due to high exterior walls (10-20cm)) at an altitude of 9 thousand 800 and 50ft. It is 2000ft long. It is rectangular built on the base of limestone on an area of 15 acres.  It is promoted to tourists as the Machu Picchu. It is a three-dimension surface that is visible from a specific set of points.  It is a kind of forest covered with clouds that seems undiscovered place.

Importance of location

The location of Kuelap is very important. Due to its complex structure and precise location, it served as a fortress to protect against invasions from other tribes in the area. From some areas, it may look like undiscovered ruins in the wood. So it receives more tourists each year.

Why people pay attention to Kuelap

This walled city consists of 400 old buildings. That was built 1500 years ago. It highlights the manners and values of old civilizations in some way.

According to the report, there are almost 129 visitors per day on Kuelap. So it is a much crowdie place. Not much artificially constructed. So, visitors can feel nature. It is located on a mountain peak—many good views from there. There are mountains full of vegetation and streams. It was built 600- 900 years before Machu Picchu. So, it is considered as one of the oldest and historical structures in South and America and almost throughout the world. It is a very delightful place not only from a tourist point of view but very significant from a religious perspective. Even the area has more of a religious significance, so today it is considered a fortified city or as a refuge,  with covers for rain and bad weather every five hundred(500) meters or so.

The journey alone there is also an adventure. It is called the warrior of clouds. It is located 3000 meters from the sea. Time and time again, visitors enjoy the view of the cloud forest that surrounds that area.

Visitors are also amazed by the huge walls built to protect the area. Height reaches almost six stories. As it is theoretically a fortress, the entrance only leaves room for one person to enter at a time.

There are good transport facilities. Cable cars are a unique and intrusting feature for visitors to experience because it is located at high altitude(impressive view of the surrounding forest). It is amazing to enjoy nature(visitors pass through layers of clouds giving wonderful view before and after) with facilities.

There are many important structures there reflect old civilization. Few are the Main temple, the circular platform and the castle, etc.

The temple is one of the most important sacred centers in Kuelap. It symbolizes sacrifices and complex rituals involving the placement of human bone inside a receptacle creating kid ossuary.

The platform of this place initially functions as a link to the main temple, as a home of a temple caretaker.

The castle is a rectangular-shaped structure. It is very important not only from a tourist perspective but also from a religious point of view. It is the home of an important religious leader for the people of Kuelap. So, people have a very strong connection with this place.

There were many other important structures like the grave of the Inca of the Ali Sur village. Callanca, the Torreon etc. A huge number of people mostly visits these places. This place is also very famous for natural beauty and beautifully built buildings, provide a chance to view nature closely. This is the masterpiece of old civilization.

 CONCLUSION

It is the political center of Chachapoyas civilization, and the city has had more than 300 000 inhabitants. It is located in the Amazonas region of Northern Peru on top of mountains. It is located on a mountain peak—many good views from there. There are mountains full of vegetation and streams. It was built 600- 900 years before Machu Picchu. So, it is considered as one of the oldest and historical structures in South and America and almost throughout the world. Now it is the center of attention for tourism almost all around the world. People are attracted to this—almost all the natural views there, not artificiality there. Now many transport facilities are there.  Clouds cover the forest. It cannot be seen from everywhere.

This place also symbolic in one that it is away from the artificial world. Human beings are there with their pure feelings away from the harsh realities of life and people as well.

 

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