The Seven Wonders of the World

The Seven Wonders of the World are a list of man-made landmarks deemed the most impressive and significant human engineering and construction achievements. This list has been revised and updated several times, with the most recent revision being in 2007.  

The New 7 Wonders of the World

The Seven Wonders of the World have been a topic of fascination for centuries, with various lists drawn up over the years. In 2007, a new set of seven wonders was chosen through a global poll, and they were announced at a ceremony in Lisbon, Portugal. The new Seven Wonders of the World were chosen for their beauty, historical significance, and cultural importance. They are all fantastic human engineering and architecture feats, each worth a visit.

  • The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is one of the most iconic structures in the world. It was built over 2,000 years ago to protect the Chinese empire from invaders. The wall is over 13,170 miles (21,200 km) long and runs through some of the most beautiful scenery in China. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country and receives millions of visitors each year.

  • Petra - Jordan

Situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, Petra is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is known for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Petra was home to the Nabataean civilization from around the 6th century BCE to the 2nd century CE and became an important crossroads for trade routes in the region. It was also a site of religious pilgrimage for early Christians, and it is said to be one of the locations where Moses struck a rock and water began to flow.

  • Machu Picchu - Peru

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel in the Cusco Region of Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley and is often referred to as "the lost city of the Incas."

Machu Picchu - New seven wonders of the World

The site was built by the Inca emperor Pachacuti and served as a royal estate and country retreat. It was later abandoned after the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire in the 16th century. Machu Picchu has become one of South America's most popular tourist destinations and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Chichén Itzá - Mexico

Chichén Itzá is a renowned archaeological site that was once a thriving city of the Maya civilization and is now one of the country’s most popular tourist destinations. Chichén Itzá was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. The site covers an area of over 2 square kilometers and contains dozens of well-preserved temples, palaces, and other structures. One of the most iconic buildings at Chichén Itzá is El Castillo, also known as the Temple of Kukulkan. This massive pyramid stands nearly 30 meters tall and has 91 steps on each of its four sides, which represents 365 days in a year. Other notable buildings include the Great Ball Court, where ancient Maya athletes played a game similar to tennis, and the Temple of the Warriors, a complex featuring hundreds of carved statues. 

  • Christ the Redeemer - Brazil

Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The statue is located at the top of Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park. Christ the Redeemer is one of the most famous monuments in Brazil and is considered an icon of Rio de Janeiro. The statue was designed by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa. Construction of the statue began in 1922 and was completed in 1931. Christ the Redeemer is 98 feet tall and weighs 635 tons. The statue has become a symbol of Christianity in Brazil and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Rio de Janeiro.

  • Colosseum - Italy

The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it was the largest amphitheater of the Roman Empire and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions. The Colosseum was built under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72. Its construction was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir, Titus.

The Colosseum could hold an estimated 50,000 to 80,000 spectators at any time. They were seated in a tiered arrangement that followed the slope of the hill on which Rome was built. The arena floor was wooden and covered with sand. This absorbed blood and helped to prevent injuries to fighters and animals during battle re-enactments or executions. Beneath the arena floors were rooms and cages where animals were kept before they were brought into the spotlight. The exterior walls of the Colosseum are made up of three stories of arcades surmounted by a fourth story containing windows. Corinthian columns frame the arches on each level. The top level contains small square openings that provide ventilation for the arena below.

  • Taj Mahal - India

The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and a symbol of India's rich history and culture. The Taj Mahal was built over 20 years, from 1632 to 1652. More than 20,000 workers were employed in its construction.

The mausoleum is set on a raised platform with four minarets at each corner. The main chamber contains the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. The exterior of the Taj Mahal is adorned with intricate carvings and inlaid with semiprecious stones. The Taj Mahal attracts millions of visitors each year. It is one of India's most popular tourist destinations and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Ancient Seven Wonders of the World

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are awe-inspiring monuments built by some of the most powerful empires of their time. These Wonders showcase the skill and ingenuity of their builders, and they continue to stand as a testament to human achievement.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza (Egypt)

The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the most iconic structures in the world. It was built over 4,500 years ago and is the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The pyramid is also the only remaining wonder of the ancient world. It is believed to have been built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu.

The pyramid stands at 139m (455ft) and comprises around 2.3 million limestone blocks. It is thought it took around 20,000 workers around 23 years to build the pyramid.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is an amazing feat of engineering and is still one of the most mysterious structures in the world.

  • The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (Turkey)

In 350 BCE, the Greek king Mausolus died, leaving behind a grieving wife and an impressive legacy. His wife, Artemisia, decided to build him a tomb befitting of his greatness. She commissioned the best architects and artists of the time to design and decorate the mausoleum, which came to be known as the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.

The Mausoleum was completed around 325 BCE and stood at 140 feet tall. It was built on a raised platform with stairs leading up to the main entrance. The exterior was decorated with ornate reliefs depicting scenes from Mausolus' life. Inside, a beautiful statue of Mausolus and Artemisia was holding hands, looking out over the city he had ruled.

The Mausoleum was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and remained standing for over 1500 years. However, it was finally destroyed by earthquakes in the 12th century CE. Today, all that remains are some ruins and fragments of sculptures. Nevertheless, the legacy of this magnificent tomb lives on.

  • The statue of Zeus (Greece)

The statue of Zeus is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built in ancient Greece and is considered one of the finest examples of Greek art. The statue depicts Zeus, the king of the Olympian gods, seated on his throne. It is made of bronze and marble and is over 12 meters tall.

The statue was commissioned by the Greek ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes and was created by the sculptor Phidias. It was completed around 432 BC and was placed in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. The temple was destroyed by fire in 391 AD, but the statue survived and was moved to Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), where it stood until it was destroyed by a mob in 1204 AD.

Today, only fragments of the statue survive, but it remains one of the most famous statues in history.

  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq)

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. They were located in the city of Babylon, in modern-day Iraq. King Nebuchadnezzar II built the gardens around 600 BCE. The gardens were designed to imitate the mythical Garden of Eden. They were planted with trees, flowers, and other plants from all over the world. A complex system of channels and aqueducts irrigated the gardens. The gardens were destroyed by earthquakes and war in the first century CE.

  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Egypt)

When it comes to the most impressive feats of ancient engineering, the Lighthouse of Alexandria is hard to top. This towering structure was built over 2,000 years ago and once stood nearly 400 feet tall – making it one of the tallest man-made structures in the world at that time. The Lighthouse was constructed using massive blocks of limestone and granite, and its intense light could be seen for miles out at sea.

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and it is no wonder why. This incredible structure is a testament to the ingenuity and skill of ancient engineers, and it continues to amaze modern audiences. If you ever find yourself in Egypt, check out this incredible archaeological site.

  • The Temple of Artemis (Turkey)

The Temple of Artemis was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built in 550 BCE in Ephesus, Turkey. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Artemis. It was destroyed by a fire in 356 BCE and rebuilt by Alexander the Great. The temple was destroyed again by another fire in 262 CE. The ruins of the temple are now a World Heritage Site.

  • The Colossus of Rhodes (Turkey)

The Colossus of Rhodes was a giant statue of the Greek god Helios, built in the city of Rhodes on the Greek island of the same name. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The statue was completed in 280 BCE and stood over 30 meters (100 feet) tall. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BCE and never rebuilt.

Juan Coronel

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