What is the Capital of Peru?
The Capital of Peru is Lima, also known as “The City of Kings,” the biggest and most crowded city in Peru located in the coastal area.
Where is Peru Located?
The Republic of Peru is located in western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The country has incredible biodiversity, from the Pacific coast’s arid plains to the Andes’ peaks and the tropical Amazon rainforest. Peru is the 19th largest country in the world and the third-largest country in South America. It’s also home to ancient civilizations such as Caral, Mochica, Nazca, Chimu, and the great Inca Empire. Each of these great civilizations had its capital or important cities. Nowadays, Peru is a multicultural country with many languages and ethnic races.
The most important cities in Peru, historically, are Cusco and Lima.
The old capital of Peru.- From the 14th Century to the 16th Century, the Incas dominated most South America. It was not only Peru; the Inca Empire, also known as Tawantinsuyo (the 4 provinces of the sun), dominated a vast territory from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and north of Chile. Cusco was the center of this great empire and the most important city in South America. Nowadays, Cusco has the title of the historical capital of Peru.
The new capital of Peru.- Lima city was founded by Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire, in 1535 as the City of Kings because its date of establishment is January 6th, the date of the Epiphany. The name was soon abandoned, and Lima became the city’s first choice.
Where is the capital of Peru Located?
Lima, the capital of Peru, is located at an elevation of 528 feet (161 meters) in the Central West part of Peru. The city center is located around 8 miles (13 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean in Peru’s coastal desert.
Although the “City of the Kings” was initially founded at the Rímac Riverbank, nowadays, it extends to vast desert areas from north to south, including 11 rivers and many valleys. Lima city has grown so fast in the 80s and 9os due to the immigration from the countryside and the terrorism.
Today Lima is considered the fifth-largest city in South America and the Caribbean countries, including Mexico.
History of Lima – Peru
- Initially, Lima was occupied by small civilizations from the coastal area of Peru; by the 15th Century, the Inca Empire ruled the entire region.
- In 1532, The Inca King Atahualpa was captured in Cajamarca by the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro.
- In April of 1534, Francisco Pizarro founded the first capital of Peru at Jauja, A city located in the Andes with nice warm weather.
- In December of 1534, Francisco Pizarro ordered to transfer of all treasures from Jauja to Lima, a city located near the sea and the main port of Callao.
- On January 18th, 1533, Francisco Pizzaro established Lima’s city (City of the Kings) as the new capital of the Colony.
- On May 6th, 1536, Manco Inca’s rebellion began. He sent captain Quizo Yupanqui with his troops to siege Lima. In September, the Inca troops arrived in Lima, where captain Qizo Yupanqui was killed, and the Inca Army retreated into the mountains.
- On June 26th, 1541, Francisco Pizarro was assassinated by Almagristas led by Diego de Almagro el Mozo.
- On November 4th, 1780. Tupac Amaru II (José Gabriel Condorcanqui) start the revolution in the Province of Tinta in Cusco. He was executed in Cusco Square on July 19, 1783.
- On the 28th of July of 1821, General Jose de San Martin announced the famous Declaration of Independence in the Plaza Mayor of Lima.
- On January 17, 1881, Lima was occupied by the Chilean army during the Pacific war. Finally, on October 20, 1883, Peru and Chile signed the Treaty of Ancon; Peru’s ceded the province of Tarapaca to Chile. Bolivia was forced to surrender Antofagasta.
- The 2019 Pan American Games were held in Lima, the country’s largest sporting event ever hosted.
FAQs about Lima – Peru
What is the Location of Lima?
Lima, the capital of Peru, is located on the Pacific coast’s central part, flanked by coastal deserts, and extends to the Chillon, Rimac, and Lurin river valleys. It covers an area of 2,672 km2 (1,031 sq mi).
What is the average altitude of Lima City?
Lima is a sea-level city, the average altitude of the historical city center is 528 feet (161 meters).
What is Lima’s Population by 2021?
Lima’s population is now estimated at 9,751,717 inhabitants by 2021, including Lima Metropolitana and districts. The population density is 3000 people per kilometer or more than 7000 people per mile. This represents almost 30 percent of all the population in Peru.
What is Lima’s predominant religion?
The dominant religion is Christianity; however, Peru is traditionally related to religious fusion, originating from Catholicism and the ancient Inca religion after the Spanish conquest. It is also becoming common Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam due to immigration in the last years.
What is Lima’s Climate?
Although Lima is located in the tropics and desert, the climate is mild due to its proximity to the Pacific Ocean.
During Summer, from December to April, the daily temperature fluctuates between the lowest from 18°C (64°F) to 22°C (72°F) and the highest from 24°C (75°F) to 29°C (84°F). During this time of the year, the days are sunny and warm.
During winter, from June to October, the temperatures oscillate between 14°C (57°F) to 16°C (61°F) the lowest and 16°C 61°F) to 19°C (66°F) the highest. The sky is usually grey during this time, with morning drizzling and high humidity.
May and November are transition months where we see sudden changes in the weather.
What is Lima’s main currency?
The Main currency in Peru is Nuevos Soles; in most local markets and stores, you will use only soles. However, banks will allow doing the transactions in Soles or USD. Cars, houses, Real State transactions are always in USD.
What is Lima’s primary population?
Lima’s population consists of various ethnic groups. The most numerous population are Mestizos, Europeans (Spanish, German, Italian, French descendants), Afro Peruvians, and Asians (China and Japan).
Thanks to this complex mix of racial and ethnic groups, Peru is now one of the world’s best culinary destinations. The Chinese and Italian cuisine has helped create unique Peruvian dishes.
How to get to Lima?
By Land.– The Panamericana Highway crosses the country from South to North, connecting with all the cities in the coastal area and other countries like Chile in the south and Ecuador. We also have penetration highways in the east that connect with the cities in the Andes and the Jungle of Peru.
By Flight.- From the International Airport of Peru, Jorge Chavez, located in the province of Callao, 30 minutes away from Lima center. You can take flights to any city inside Peru or any other country.
Best Way to Travel from Lima to Cusco
The best and fastest way to travel from Lima to Cusco and vice-versa is by taking a flight from Jorge Chavez’s Airport in Lima to Alejandro Velasco Astete Cusco. The duration is about a 1-hour flight.
For travelers who like to explore more of the country, you can take a bus through Abancay to Cusco with a duration of 20 hours bus ride. Also, take a bus from Lima Via Arequipa- Juliaca with 24 hours bus ride.
What is the official language of Lima-Peru?
The official languages of Peru are Spanish, Quechua, Aymara!
Map of Peru with the Capital Lima City.
What are Lima’s main Tourist Attractions?
Pachacamac is the largest and most important archaeological site in Lima, located in the Lurin district. It covers an area of 465.32 hectares with a circumference of 12925.41 linear meters and is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture. It has a museum with the same name, with a collection of more than 6,500 pre-Hispanic pieces of various materials such as ceramics, wood, metal, and textiles. One of the most emblematic pieces is the idol of Pachacamac.
The Lima Culture initially occupied Pachacamac; they built important temples and oracles that people from all over the Andes visited. From 600 to 1000 was occupied by the Wari Culture, where the temple of Pachacamac became very popular.
By 1470, the Incas conquered and occupied the region. By 1533, Pachacamas was the most important religious site of the coastal part of Peru; this was mentioned in the chronicles of the Hispanic conquistadors.
Caral – Supe:
It is located at 182 north of Lima, in the province of Barranca. Due to its 5000-year history, it is the oldest civilization in Peru and the American continent with approximately 5000 years old. It consists of 32 monumental buildings, contained in a complex system of settlements showing a solid religious ideology, including outstanding ceremonial buildings, residential areas of different social classes, a group of small temples, and workshops.
Caral was listed as a World Heritage site in 2009.
The Larco Museum is a privately owned pre-Columbian art museum located in the Pueblo Libre District of Lima, Peru. The museum is located in an 18th-century vice royal building. It displays galleries arranged in chronological order and can provide a comprehensive overview of Peru’s pre-Columbian 5,000-year history. It is famous for its erotic pottery galleries from the pre-Columbian period.
Circuito Magico del Agua:
The Magic Water Circuit symbolizes the restoration of Lima’s public spaces. It has thirteen cybernetic fountains, supported by the latest technology, where music, water, sound, and lasers are mixed to showcase unique and incredible performances.
Lima Main Square:
The Plaza de Armas or Plaza Mayor is located in the historical center of Lima, surrounded by the Presidential Palace, Lima Cathedral, the Archbishop’s Palace, and other historical buildings.
Lima’s main square is where Jose de San Martin declared Peru’s independence on July 28th, 1821.
Tours in Lima and around.
Lima City tour:
You can explore the best Lima Historical center on a half-day or full-day tour. We recommend hiring a tour company that will transfer you in private transportation to the center of Lima and explore with a local tour guide. You will visit; Plaza San Martin, Museo Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, Plaza de Armas (Plaza Mayor), Museo Larco Herrera, and many other beautiful sites.
Swim with Sea Lions at the Palomino’s Island:
Palomino Islands are located in the province of Callao. These famous touristic islands are home to a large population of sea lions and seabirds. To arrive at these islands, you need to travel to Callo first, then travel by boat for 40 minutes to arrive at the area.
Tour to Caral:
You will need a whole day to visit Caral with a private van a tour guide. First, you need to drive for 3.5 hours to the Valley of Supe, where Caral is located. You can visit Huacho for lunch and visit the beach on the way back.
Peru is one of the best Culinary Destinations in the World, and Lima is home to a few of the best restaurants in the world. Spend a beautiful morning exploring the local markets and preparing the most famous Peruvian dishes like Ceviche.
Lima City Tour By Night + Magic Water Circuit:
You can explore Lima center at night and visit the Magic water circuit.